A Beginner’s Guide To Keto Diet


It is highly possible that when you’re in a discussion about diets for weight loss, the Keto diet is present in it. Among all the other low carb diets, this is most talked about in the whole world today.

It looks like everyone is talking about the keto diet — the low-carb, high-fat, eating plan that ensures to turn your body fat down. For that reason, Keto has topped in popularity over the past year as a lose-weight-fast strategy.

A growing body was considered for a study and has proven that our bodies need fat to thrive, which clarifies why the ketogenic diet emphasizes fats and reduces carb intake is having a dangerous moment.

An essential thing to know before embarking on the ketogenic diet is that you need to keep your carb intake under 30 grams total per day.

Depending on who you talk to, Keto can help you lose weight, fix a litany of health problems, make you smarter, help you build more muscle, grant you the power of levitation, and also do your taxes.

Unlike many fad diets that go and come with minimal rates of long-term growth, the keto diet or ketogenic diet has been practiced for more than nine decades, since the 1920s and is based upon a solid understanding of nutrition science and physiology.

The keto diet works for such a good percentage of people as it targets several keys, underlying causes of weight gain — including hormonal imbalances, especially insulin resistance coupled with high blood sugar levels, and the cycle of binging and restricting and “binging” on empty calories due to hunger that so many dieters struggle with. These are some of the direct advantages of the keto diet.

How Does The Keto Diet Work?

Since the glucose is used as the leading energy, your fats are not needed and are therefore stored. Typically on a healthy, higher carbohydrate diet, the body uses glucose as the primary Source of energy. By reducing the consumption of carbs, the body is stimulated into a state called ketosis.

Ketosis is a natural procedure as the body initiates to help us survive when food intake is less. During this condition, we produce ketones, which are produced from the breakdown of fats from the liver.

The final goal of a properly kept keto diet is to force your body into this metabolic state. We do this through starvation of carbohydrates but not through starvation of carbohydrates.

Our bodies are incredibly flexible to what you put into it, when you take away carbohydrates and overload it with fats, it will start to burn ketones as the primary energy source. Optimal ketone levels provide many health, weight loss, mental and physical performance benefits.

Rather than limiting portion sizes, relying on counting calories, requiring lots of willpower or resorting to extreme exercise, this low-carb diet takes an entirely different approach to health improvements and weight loss.

It works as it changes the very “fuel source” that the body uses to stay energized: namely, from burning glucose or sugar to dietary fat, courtesy of keto diet recipes and the keto diet food list items, including low-carb, high-fat foods.

Making that switch will help you place your body in a state of “ketosis,” when your body becomes a fat burner better than a sugar burner. Fortunately, if you’re new to this eating plan, a keto diet for beginners, or keto basics, is surprisingly simple to follow.

Here’s How To Do The Keto Diet

  1. Increase the intake of healthy fats, which help create satiety.
  2. Reduce one’s carb intake.
  3. Once the blood levels of ketones grow to a certain point, you officially reach Ketosis.
  4. This state results inconsistent, relatively quick weight loss until your body reaches a healthy and stable weight.
  5. Without glucose flowing through your body, it now produces ketones instead and forced to burn fat.

This is due to the absence of carbohydrates forces your body into and keeps it in Ketosis, the metabolic state key to the ketogenic diet. When your body is in Ketosis, it switches from using carbs as its primary source of energy and instead uses ketones (fats) as its energy source.

Ketones are generated if you eat fewer carbs (that are rapidly broken down into blood sugar) and only reasonable amounts of protein and excess protein can also be transformed to blood sugar.

The liver delivers ketones from fat. These ketones serve as a fuel source in the whole body, particularly for the brain.

The brain is a hungry organ that intakes a lot of energy every day, and it can’t run on fat directly. It can only run on ketones or glucose.

When on a ketogenic diet, the whole body switches its fuel supply to run mainly on fat, burning fat 24×7. When insulin levels become less, fat burning can increase automatically. To burn off these fat stores, it becomes easier to burn it off.

This is good if you’re trying to lose weight, but there are also other less obvious benefits, such as less hunger and a constant supply of energy. This may help keep you focused and alert.

Different Types Of Ketogenic Diets

The following are the different types of ketogenic types.

  • The SKD (standard ketogenic diet): This is a moderate protein, high-fat, and very low-carb. It typically contains 20& protein, 55 carbs and 75% fat, periods of higher-carb refeeds, such as five ketogenic days followed by two high-carb days.
  • The targeted ketogenic diet (TKD): The TKD is one of a kind since it not only allows you to add carbs to your food but also allows you heavy workouts.
  • High-protein ketogenic diet: It is similar to the standard one, except, it involves more protein content.

The general keto ratio is 60% fat, 35% protein, and 5% carbs. Of all the ones mentioned above, the standard and high protein diets have been extensively studied.

The cyclical or targeted ketogenic diets are more unconventional methods and are mostly used either by athletes or bodybuilders.

Keto For Beginners

As a beginner, while you start following the keto diet, your body responds to it by losing weight. This is because your body is burning fat for energy instead of carbohydrates, which in turn makes you burn your excess body fat too.

Another happy note on a keto diet is, you do not have to work out as much as you do in general. The body itself accustoms to the burning of fat since it is the only resource of energy.

Although this diet might seem similar to the Atkins Diet, it has its own pros over the latter. The significant distinctions between the Atkins diet and the classic Keto are that the latter highlights limited overall protein, no processed meat (such as bacon) and healthier keto fats.

What Is Ketosis?

You must be wondering what the ‘keto’ in the keto diet means? Keto is the short form of Ketosis, which is the necessary result off the ketogenic diet.

By following a ketogenic diet, your body turns into a state of “ketosis,” that is a metabolic state which occurs where most of the body’s energy is acquired from the ketone bodies present in the blood.

Instead of the glucose from carbohydrate foods like all the sources of sugar or fruit, grains, for example, the body otherwise is in contrast to a glycolytic state, where blood glucose or sugar provides for most of the body’s energy.

How Do You Get Into Ketosis?

The prerequisite of being in the keto diet is to get into the ketosis process. For all you beginners, here is how it will work out –

Consuming glucose from carbohydrate foods like starchy vegetables, grains, fruit, etc. has to be cut way down.

By doing this, your body is forced to use the alternative food source – the saturated fat from sources like coconut oil, salmon, etc.

The absence of glucose is the main trigger for your body starts to produce ketones into the bloodstream for burning the fat in the body to acquire energy.

The rise in ketone levels in the blood when risen to a certain point, the state of Ketosis is reached. When the ketosis level is reached, the body starts to show consistent and quick weight loss results until you reach the desired weight of your choice.

Among all this, one might get confused as to how-how much carbs is enough carbs. The popular ketogenic diet, it was initially created for people who have epilepsy, since it consisted of getting just 75% of the calories from the sources of fat like oils or fat-rich meats, 20% of proteins and 5% from carbs.

It is recommended to start with a bare minimum of 30-50 net grams of total carbs for effective weight loss through the process of Ketosis. Keeping in mind the very nature of changing the way of metabolism for your body could actually shock you or even make you question the whole process.

Once you start getting used to eating the keto way, you have to maintain the 30-50 net grams of carb count to transition and remain in this state. You might find it difficult in the beginning, but it all works out thoroughly once you get used to it.

You automatically start choosing lower carbs in the food you eat, which eventually goes down to 20 net grams of carbs in a day. This is the standard strictness to follow for keto dieters to get the best weight loss results that they aimed for.

Keto Help Protect Against Cancer

Certain studies suggest that keto diets may “starve” cancer cells. A pro-inflammatory, highly processed, low-nutrient foods can feed cancer cells, causing them to proliferate. The normal cells found in our bodies can use fat for energy, but it’s believed that cancer cells cannot metabolically shift to use fat rather than glucose.

A keto diet that eliminates other processed and excess refined sugar and other processed carbohydrates may be useful in fighting or reducing cancer. It’s not a coincidence that some of the best cancer-fighting foods are on the keto diet food list.

Keto Decreases Risk For Type 2 Diabetes

The keto process of consuming fat holds more benefits than just supporting the shedding of extra weight, and it also assists the direction of the discharge of hormones like insulin, that plays a vital role in the improvement of diabetes among other health problems.

If we eat carbs, insulin is discharged as a response to high blood glucose, which is an increase in the amount of sugar diffusing in our blood, and insulin limits arise. Insulin is like the storage hormone which indicates the cells to stock as much accessible energy as probable, initially as glycogen, which is also known as the stored carbohydrates in the muscles, and later as body fat.

Keto diet works by reducing carbs from the daily eating and maintaining the body’s carbohydrate stocks nearly clear, consequently stopping a lot of insulin from being released following food consumption and creating normal blood sugar levels.

This can help invert the insulin resistance, which is the primary difficulty in adding up to diabetes symptoms. In research, low-carb diets have pointed out advantages for developing postprandial glycemia, blood pressure, and insulin secretion.

Keto Decreases The Risk of Heart Disease

The keto diet can effectively lessen the risk of heart diseases, including high cholesterol and triglycerides.  The keto diet is incredible to adversely influence your cholesterol levels in spite of being so eminent in fat. Furthermore, it is competent in decreasing the risk of cardiovascular disease factors, particularly in those who are obese.

Sticking to the keto diet and the foods list for a minimum 24 weeks ended up in lowered levels of LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood glucose under a significant percentage of cases, while simultaneously there is an increase in the level of HDL cholesterol.

But it is always advisable to keep your nutritionist or a prescribed physician in the scene while taking such steps for your health. It is very important to know how your body reacts to new habits or routines and plan accordingly what food we choose.

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